7 Days Earthquake Resistant Building Construction Mason Training

Table of Content
1 INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………………………………….
1.1 Background …………………………………………………………………………………….
1.2 Goal ……………………………………………………………………………………………….
1.3 Objectives ………………………………………………………………………………………
1.4 Approach and Methodology ……………………………………………………………..
1.5 Scope and Limitation ……………………………………………………………………….
1.6 Targeted Users ………………………………………………………………………………..
2 HAZARD AND RISK IN NEPAL …………………………………………………………..
2.1 Hazard In General ……………………………………………………………………………
2.2 Seismic Hazard and Risk ………………………………………………………………….
2.3 Risk Assessment ……………………………………………………………………………..
3 OVERVIEW OF PAST EARTHQUAKES …………………………………………….
4 PREVAILING BUILDING CONSTRUCTION PRACTICE……………………….
5 THE NEED FOR MASON TRAINING …………………………………………………
5.1 Need for Training Guidelines and Training Manual ……………………………
6 COURSE STRATEGY AND STRUCTURE ………………………………………….
6.1 Understanding and Reaching Mason ………………………………………………..
6.2 Preparing masons for Convincing House Owners ………………………………
6.3 Providing comprehensive course content and the structure ………………….
7 BASIC CONCEPTS OF EARTHQUAKE-RESISTANT CONSTRUCTION .
7.1 Basic Factors contributing to seismic safety of buildings ……………………
7.2 Earthquake-Resisting Features for Rural Masonry Houses ………………….
7.3 Appropriate Construction Materials …………………………………………………
8 SITE SELECTION ……………………………………………………………………………
8.1 Considerations for site selection ………………………………………………………
8.2 Appropriate site for construction ……………………………………………………..
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8.3 Improvement of site ……………………………………………………………………….
8.4 Improvement in foundation……………………………………………………………..
9 APPROPRIATE CONFIGURATION ……………………………………………………
9.1 Plan shape …………………………………………………………………………………….
9.2 Short walls ……………………………………………………………………………………
9.3 L-shaped building ………………………………………………………………………….
9.4 Box Effect …………………………………………………………………………………….
9.5 Close building ……………………………………………………………………………….
10 STONE MASONRY HOUSE ……………………………………………………………..
10.1 Different Types of Stone Masonry Houses ………………………………………..
10.2 Main factors for achieving seismic safety in stone masonry houses ……..
10.3 Construction of Stone Masonry House ……………………………………………..
11 TIMBER HOUSE ……………………………………………………………………………..
11.1 Different Types of Wooden wall construction ……………………………………
11.2 Joints in Wood Frames……………………………………………………………………
11.3 Foundation of Wooden House …………………………………………………………
12 BRICK AND BLOCK MASONRY HOUSE …………………………………………..
12.1 Main factors for achieving seismic safety in Brick/Block masonry
12.2 Construction of Brick Masonry House in Mud or Cement Mortar ………..
12.3 Construction of Block Masonry Buildings ………………………………………..
12.4 Floor/Roof Construction for masonry houses …………………………………….
13 REINFORCED CONCRETE BUILDINGS ……………………………………………
13.1 Foundation ……………………………………………………………………………………
13.2 Beam ……………………………………………………………………………………………
13.3 Column …………………………………………………………………………………………
13.4 Beam Column Joint………………………………………………………………………..
13.5 RC Slab ………………………………………………………………………………………..
13.6 Quality of concrete …………………………………………………………………………
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14 REPAIR AND STRENGTHENING OF EXISTING BUILDINGS ………………
14.1 Assessment of building damage ……………………………………………………….
14.2 Repair and Strengthening ………………………………………………………………..
REFERENCES ………………………………………………………………………………………

Nepal is located in seismically active area and had experienced several
destructive earthquakes in the past causing casualties and economic loss.
Earthquake of 1934 was the most devastating one. The seismic records of the
country and around the world suggest that a major earthquake on par with the
1934 earthquake occurs approximately every 75 years, indicating that such big
earthquake is inevitable in the long run and is likely in the near future.
Studies reveal that collapse of buildings and houses has been the single largest
cause of human death and economic losses resulting in from earthquakes.
Collapse of the buildings is the result of poor construction practice with many
other reasons. Masons are the key actors in 90% of the buildings production in
Nepal.

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